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Fetal Medicine

Fetal Medicine in Vizag - Kutumb IVF

What is Fetal Medicine?

Fetal medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics that deals with the diagnosis and management of fetal disorders. This includes conditions such as chromosomal abnormalities, structural defects, and growth problems. It also involves the use of advanced imaging techniques, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to evaluate the fetus and the placenta. Fetal medicine specialists may also perform procedures such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) to diagnose and treat fetal conditions.

What are the types of tests in Fetal Medicine?

There are several types of tests that are used in fetal medicine to diagnose and monitor fetal health. These include:

  1. Ultrasound: This is the most common test used in fetal medicine. It uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the fetus and the placenta. Ultrasound can be used to determine the gestational age of the fetus, identify multiple pregnancies, and detect structural abnormalities.
  2. Amniocentesis: This is a procedure in which a small sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus is removed and analyzed. Amniocentesis can be used to detect chromosomal abnormalities and certain genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, as well as to check for infection.
  3. Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS): CVS is a procedure in which a small sample of the placenta is removed and analyzed. Like amniocentesis, it can be used to detect chromosomal abnormalities and certain genetic disorders.
  4. Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): NIPT is a blood test that can detect the risk of chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome and trisomy 18, by analyzing the DNA from the placenta that is present in the mother’s blood.
  5. Fetal Echocardiography: This is a specialized ultrasound of the fetal heart, it can be used to detect and diagnose congenital heart defects early in pregnancy.
  6. Fetal MRI: It’s a test that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of the fetus and placenta, it can be used to further evaluate certain fetal conditions that were identified by ultrasound.
  7. Doppler Ultrasound: It’s a special type of ultrasound that uses sound waves to measure the blood flow through the fetal blood vessels, it can be used to evaluate blood flow in the placenta and umbilical cord, which can help to identify potential problems with the fetus’s growth and development.

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