Fetal medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics that deals with the diagnosis and management of fetal disorders. This includes conditions such as chromosomal abnormalities, structural defects, and growth problems. It also involves the use of advanced imaging techniques, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to evaluate the fetus and the placenta. Fetal medicine specialists may also perform procedures such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) to diagnose and treat fetal conditions.
There are several types of tests that are used in fetal medicine to diagnose and monitor fetal health. These include: